Resistances, immunities and vulnerabilities in DND 5e: simple explanation and calculation of numbers (2023)

Last updated on January 22, 2023

I don't know if there is any D&D campaign that has managed to avoid combat entirely. That would be pretty crazy, right?

Combat is one of the three pillars of the game, which is why it comes up quite often.

I'm sure most of us would like to get out of combat alive. Comprehensiontypes of damageand the different ways creatures and characters can bond with them are key to making sure you don't force your allies to cast Revive after every fight.

In this article, we'll give you an overview of resistances, immunities, and vulnerabilities, along with a discussion of their frequency and how you can plan for them as a player or DM.


What is damage resistance in DnD 5e?

Resisting a damage type means you take half damage when hit by damage of that type. You can gain resistance to a specific damage type, damage source, or damage case. As always in 5e, if you divide the damage by 2, you round up.

Damage resistance calculation is done after applying all other modifiers. That is, any additional damage bonus beyond simply rolling the dice. Also, resistances to a specific damage do not stack.

Maybe as a dwarf you have resistance to poison damage. Drinking a poison resistance potion does not give you any additional benefit. This damage isn't halved and then halved again, and you certainly don't get immunity.

Damage resistances are one of the most common damage ratios you'll find in 5e. Many creatures, especially those with higher CR, have at least one damage resist in their stat block. Of course, there are also many ways to gain resistances as a player character.

Some races, such as dwarves and tieflings, have resistances due to their racial traits. Most resistances will come from a class ability.

One of the best out there is the third level Bear Totem ability from the Totem Warrior barbarian trail. Surprisingly, this feature resists initiallyinnon-psychic damage. Crazy? Possibly. Incredible? Definitive.

What is damage immunity in 5e??

Damage immunity means you don't take damage of a certain type. Although this is not defined anywhere in the 5e reference works, for clarity we use the default dictionary definition. I also follow the wise advice of Jeremy CrawfordHere.

Immunity is quite interesting since there is no official definition of 5e. It's shocking that we can't get one considering it's everywhere. Immunity, like other damage modifiers, isn't just limited to creatures and players.

(Video) Damage Resistance, Immunity, & Vulnerability in D&D 5e

You can find immunity in magical fortresses, ships, items, and basically anything that can deal damage. So... everything.

Damage immunity is an extremely absolute mechanic. Fire damage immunity means you don't take fire damage, end of story. magical fire, flaming swords, lava; No matter what fire damage you deal, it will be fine. If you can get your hands on it, even temporarily, it will be a game changer.

There is also talk of conditional immunities. is nowapartdamage, it's worth talking a bit while we're at it. Conditional immunity hypothetically works the same way. Again, there's no standard definition in our reference books, so it's up to the DM.

In either case, immunity to a disease prevents the side effects it might normally have. Because of this, there will be times when immunity to the poison condition will save you from bound damage, even if it's not a damage type you're immune to.

I bring this up because the line between condition and damage can sometimes get blurred. If part of a suffocating vineContentCondition means you would take 2d6 bludgeoning damage and you are immune to bludgeoning damage, you take no damage.

This doesn't mean it's no longer restricted, unless it also has immunity to the restricted condition.

This previous paragraph may seem complicated.

The bottom line is that immunity to a condition translates to immunity to a condition's damage, while immunity to a damage type doesn't always mean immunity to the damaging condition.

A situation common to poison, as poison is both a damage type and a condition. If you're immune to one, you're usually immune to the other as well. If not, pay close attention to what situation is happening to you.

Note that the wording is often different: "You take x poison damage" sounds different than "You are now poisoned."

What is vulnerability to damage in 5e?

Being vulnerable to a damage type means you take double damage when it hits you. If there is a situation where you have resistance and vulnerability to a damage type, calculate resistance over vulnerability. This can sometimes save a point of damage.

Contrary to damage resistances, weak points are large or terrible. It all depends on whether it's you or your enemy. One thing that needs to be clear is that the doubling effect is applied after all other modifiers.

OfNOdouble the number of dice rolled. The confusion makes sense, we double the number of dice we roll when we get a critical hit.

Exactly why we're doubling critical dice and doubling weak point damage probably has a lot to do with game theory, I don't know. However, the part I mentioned about calculating vulnerabilities by strengths is reason enough for me.

Now you might be thinking how someone can be vulnerable and resistant to the same source of damage. Well, you can take a resistance or vulnerability from a potion or magical effect, effectively canceling the two if you already have the opposite of a racial or class trait.

However, there is an alternative. Damage can be of two types at once. More on that in the next section.

(Video) Pathfinder (2e): Basics of Damage Part 1 (Critical Hits, Resistance, Weakness, & Immunity)

poison immunity

If you come across a resource that grants "Poison Immunity" without specifying the condition or damage, it grants immunity to both. This is most commonly augmented by the 10th level monk trait, Purity of Body.

magic/non-magic damage

While magic damage isn't a "type" of damage, let's just say it's a quality that can deal damage. It's also something that both characters and creatures can have resistance, vulnerability, or immunity to. The same goes for non-magical damage.

This kind of bonus damage quality is the source of most cases where a target has conflicting resistances and vulnerabilities. Let's say my barbarian has resistance to club damage while he rampages, but is afflicted with a disease that makes him vulnerable to magic damage.

When hit by a magic hammer that deals 2d6+3 magic club damage, we enter the puzzle.

Luckily, it's pretty easy to fix. First we calculate the raw damage, let's say it averages 11. Then we calculate the club's toughness first, halve it and round it up to 5. Next, we analyze the magic damage vulnerability, which results in a damage total of 10 routes.

As you can see, we lost one damage point there. What about immunity? In fact, it is quite easy because immunity only tells us that we are not damaged.

We come across many demons, elementals, and even higher level undead that have resistance to non-magical attacks.Club, stab and slash damage. The solution for a combat character is to take a magic weapon or have the caster enchant one of their weapons with it.magic weapon.

Unique Damage Resistances/Immunities/Vulnerability

Similar to magical or non-magical attacks, some creatures even have extremely specific relationships to damage types. One such creature is the Jabberwock from The Wild Beyond the Witchlight. Has vulnerability to hit damage dealt specifically by avorpal sword.

Here are some other rare instances that are basically fun and not essential for battle preparation.


Piercing magical weapons wielded by good creatures: They can be found in Rakshasas, humanoid demons with tiger heads.

(Video) 5E Effects Damage


Non-Silver Piercing, Blushing, and Slashing Damage: A fairly sizeable group of demons, some undead, and even Hellfire Machines have built up a strong resistance to physical damage, but haven't figured out how to get around silver.

Non-diamond piercing, bashing, and slashing damage: If you want to damage gargoyles and living statues,You're gonna want a diamond gun. Maybe call Wolverine? (I know there's adamantium in the miracle, give me a break)


The above resistances: If something is strong enough it might be immune to non-silver or adamantine weapons, be careful.

Pounding, Pounding, and Slicing Metal Weapons: The Lava Children are like nightmarish versions of the Master of Heat's minions, and they have no interest in metal. They can walk through metal doors as if they weren't there, attack metal armor with advantage, and are obviously immune to metal weapons.

What are the most common resistors in 5e?

Being prepared for battle means knowing what opposition you will encounter. While the detailed answer is a bit more nuanced, cold, fire, lightning, and poison damage are the types your enemies are most likely to resist.

DISCLAIMER:Everything we've discussed in this section assumes that the creatures are randomly chosen and that you have an equal chance of facing an enemy.

This must be considered with the utmost caution, since the enemies we face are not only chosen by our master, but also by the scenarios in which we find ourselves.

An urban campaign will see a very different set of enemies than an Underdark setting. Keep that in mind as you read.

Below is a glorious list. It's a list of all damage types, including non-magical club "type", strikes, and piercing attacks, with a count of all resistances, immunities, and vulnerabilities present on 5e creatures. Look no further, this is the top list if you want to know how common resistance is.

damage typeEnduranceimmunityvulnerability
Non-magical concussion, cut, stab198500

For those of you who are a bit more visual, I've created a little graph here that compares all of this data. Remember that it increases immunity to poisonsFarabove the limits of this chart, and if the chart were to go up to 531, we would have little opportunity to see weakness.Resistances, immunities and vulnerabilities in DND 5e: simple explanation and calculation of numbers (1)

This all paints a pretty good picture of what types of damage to avoid and what to stock up on. Thunder, Psycho, and Might are his most reliable damage forms. They also do well with physical damage types as long as they are magical.

What we're seeing here is actually pretty balanced by the damage types we're dealing. Stronger spells are resisted more often. That's why there are subclasses like the Soulknife rogue that always has onemind damageTherefore, there is a demand for off-the-shelf commercial blades.

(Video) Mathematically Correct Ranking of Damage Types in D&D

Another great class to bypass damage vulnerabilities, possibly the best, is the Scribal Order Mage. Their second-tier resource, Awakened Spellbook, allows them to temporarily replace a spell's damage type with a type that appears in another spell in their spellbook.

This means that you can cast extremely powerful fireball with a damage type not only repelled by a full grown dragon.

What are the best resistors?

The best types of damage you are resistant to are Fire, Poison, andtypes of physical damage. This represents the most common types of damage dealt by creatures and spells that any opposing spellcaster might cast against you.

While resistance to this type of damage gives the best results, resistance to all damage is useful. As a GM, it's important to throw a good combination of enemies at your player characters so they have a chance to see the value of their eventual stamina.

There is a delicate balance to be struck between giving in to a character's resistances and avoiding them altogether. Use your intuition.

How to get resistors in 5e

You can gain resistances from racial or class traits, magic items, or even some spells. Below are some common or excellent sources for getting resistors.

Please note this is far from an exhaustive list, but we may have one in stock so check back soon or find a link below.


  • Water Genasi - Acid resistance as a racial trait.
  • Dragonborn - Draconic Ancestry provides adequate breathing resistance; all kinds except blows, stabs and cuts
  • Tiefling – Infernal Resistance provides resistance to fire damage.
  • Dwarf: Dwarf Endurance provides resistance to poison damage and conditions.
  • Triton - Guardians of the Depths provides cold resistance


  • Wrath: 2nd-level barbarian class trait
  • Battle Avatar: Level 17 Warhold Cleric Ability; only applies to non-magical damage
  • Fiendish Resilience: Fiend Patron Level 10 Warlock Skill; choose a save at the end of the short or long rest; magical andsilver weaponsignore resistance
  • Elemental Affinity - Dragonborn Sorcerer Skill, Level 6; Acid, Lightning, Fire, Poison or Cold
  • Transmutation Stone: 6th level mage skill from the transmutation school; damage from acid, cold, fire, lightning or thunder; selected each time you use the ability


  • fake death– 3rd level necromancy; anything but psychic
  • santo -evocation of the 5th stage; optional effect; Resistance of any kind other than club, gore or slash
  • power protection– 3rd level summoning; one of acid, cold, fire, lightning or thunder
  • Want– 9th level summoning; Up to ten creatures gain toughness.
  • Steinhaut– 4th level summoning; only applies to non-magical damage
  • walk in the wind6th level transmutation; all non-magical weapons

magic items

Many of them have additional effects..

  • Stamina Potion (Uncommon) – Provides a specific stamina for 1 hour
  • Invulnerability Armor (Legendary) – Resistance to non-magical damage
  • Clasp of Protection (Uncommon) – Violent damage resistance
  • Lifewell Tattoo (Very Rare) – Resistance to necrotic damage
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Resistances, immunities and vulnerabilities in DND 5e: simple explanation and calculation of numbers (2)


As a child, I was often told to get my head out of the clouds and stop living in a fantasy world. That never really bothered me, so I decided to make games, stories, and all kinds of awesome work for a living. Now, as an adult, I want to remind people that sometimes a little imagination is all it takes when life gets too much.

(Video) Top 10 Best Types of Damage To Deal in DnD 5e


How does resistance and vulnerability work 5e? ›

If a creature or an object has resistance to a damage type, damage of that type is halved against it. If a creature or an object has vulnerability to a damage type, damage of that type is doubled against it.

How to calculate resistances in dnd? ›

Resistance equals half damage, immunity equals no damage. It's almost always that simple. There are a few instances where there is a numerical reduction, such as with the Heavy Armor master feat, in which case you simply subtract that number (3 in this example) from any damage of the listed damage types.

What is the difference between resistance and immunity 5e? ›

Each of the three terms modifies how much damage a creature takes from those specific damage types. Immunity means damage of that type is reduced to zero, resistance means it is halved and vulnerability means it is doubled.

What is the most common vulnerability in DND 5e? ›

Fire is the most common vulnerability, but it's also the most common resistance and second most common immunity (after poison). You shouldn't focus on targeting vulnerabilities since they're extremely rare.

What are the 3 types of vulnerability explain each type? ›

According to the different types of losses, the vulnerability can be defined as physical vulnerability, economic vulnerability, social vulnerability and environmental vulnerability.

How do you calculate strength in vulnerability? ›

5 Brene Brown Lessons to Find Strength in Vulnerability
  1. Vulnerability Is an Act of Courage. Everyone feels vulnerable. ...
  2. Belonging Starts with Self-Acceptance. ...
  3. Show Up Even When There Are No Guarantees. ...
  4. Strive for Excellence, Not Perfection. ...
  5. Explore Your Emotions, Don't Numb Them.
Jan 4, 2018

What is the easiest way to calculate resistance? ›

This is shown below. To calculate the total overall resistance of a number of resistors connected in this way you add up the individual resistances. This is done using the following formula: Rtotal = R1 + R2 +R3 and so on. Example: To calculate the total resistance for these three resistors in series.

What is the mathematical formula for resistance? ›

Resistance Formula is R = V I.

The measure of opposition applied by any object to the flow of electric current is known as resistance.

What is the correct formula for calculating resistance? ›

If you know the total current and the voltage across the whole circuit, you can find the total resistance using Ohm's Law: R = V / I. For example, a parallel circuit has a voltage of 9 volts and total current of 3 amps.

What are the 4 forms of resistance? ›

Different forms of resistance training include using free weights, weight machines, resistance bands and your own body weight.

What are the 5 types of resistance? ›

Types of Resistors
  • Thermistors.
  • Varistor Resistors.
  • Photo Resistor or LDR (Light Dependent Resistors)
  • Surface Mount Resistors.

What are the 4 types of immunity? ›

Humans have three types of immunity — innate, adaptive, and passive: Innate immunity: Everyone is born with innate (or natural) immunity, a type of general protection. For example, the skin acts as a barrier to block germs from entering the body.

Which vulnerability is exploited the most? ›

ProxyLogon (CVE-2021-26855)

Due to the lack of updates for internal infrastructures, this remains one of the most exploited flaws in 2022.

What is the most broken DND character? ›

The most infamous broken build by far is the Coffeelock. An egregious combination of both Sorcerer and Warlock, the Coffeelock grants players unlimited spells. In addition, this build also eliminates the need for long rests, hence the name Coffeelock.

How many creatures have vulnerabilities in 5e? ›

Do note that this is missing a handful of creatures with bludgeoning damage vulnerabilities. Taking a look at this wonderful chart created by /u/mrvalor we can see that between 3 official sourcebooks full of creatures only 21 total creatures have a damage type vulnerability.

What are the 4 factors of vulnerability? ›

Vulnerability relates to a number of factors, including:
  • Physical factors. e.g. poor design and construction of buildings, unregulated land use planning, etc. ...
  • Social factors. ...
  • Economic factors. ...
  • Environmental factors.

What are the 10 factors of vulnerability? ›

  • Underlying causes. Poverty.
  • Dynamic pressures. Lack of.
  • Unsafe conditions. Fragile physical environment.
  • Trigger event. Earthquake.

What are the 4 stages of identifying vulnerabilities? ›

The vulnerability management process can be broken down into the following four steps:
  • Identifying Vulnerabilities.
  • Evaluating Vulnerabilities.
  • Treating Vulnerabilities.
  • Reporting Vulnerabilities.

How is vulnerability measured 2 2 points? ›

Vulnerability is determined by the options available to different communities for finding an alternative living in terms of assets, education, health and job opportunities.

How is vulnerability risk calculated? ›

An enhanced risk formula, Risk = Criticality (Likelihood × Vulnerability Scores [CVSS]) × Impact, is proposed to derive more effective and accurate criticality as well as a risk rating for software security vulnerabilities.

How do you measure strengths and weaknesses? ›

How to Identify Your Strengths and Weaknesses
  1. First, create two lists. Before you use any outside sources to help identify your strengths and weaknesses, I'd recommend that you spend about 30 minutes alone creating two lists. ...
  2. Talk to people you trust. ...
  3. Take a personality test. ...
  4. Try new things.

How do you decode resistance? ›

The first two bands always denote the first two digits of the resistance value in ohms. On a three or four-band resistor, the third band represents the multiplier. This multiplier will basically shift your decimal place around to change your value from mega ohms to milliohms and anywhere in between.

What are the 3 different types of resistance? ›

There are three types of resistance, Logical/Rational, Psychological/Emotional, and Sociological.

What are the two main types of resistance? ›

Resistors can be used to limit current, divide voltage, or generate heat. There are two main types of resistors: fixed and variable. Fixed resistors have a certain amount of resistance and cannot be changed.

What is the most effective form of resistance? ›

Nonviolent resistance has been shown empirically to be twice as effective as armed struggle in achieving major political goals.

What are the 4 factors that affect resistance and how does each one affects it? ›

Factors That Affect Resistance

How much resistance a material has depends on several factors: the type of material, its width, its length, and its temperature. All materials have some resistance, but certain materials resist the flow of electric current more or less than other materials do.

What is resistance explain with example? ›

Resistance refers to the amount that an object impedes or resists in an electric current. Electric current refers to the flow of electrons. An easier way to explain resistance is to consider an example of a person in a crowded market struggling to go from one shop to another.

How do you classify the resistance? ›

For the purposes of measurements, the resistances are classified into three major groups based on their numerical range of values as under: • Low resistance (0 to 1 ohm) • Medium resistance (1 to 100 kilo-ohm) and • High resistance (>100 kilo-ohm) Accordingly, the resistances can be measured by various ways, depending ...

What are the 3 phases of the immune response and their functions? ›

The cellular immune response consists of three phases: cognitive, activation, and effector. In the cognitive phase, macrophages display foreign antigens on their surface in a form that can be recognized by antigen-specific TH1 (T helper 1) lymphocytes.

What is active vs passive immunity A level? ›

Active immunity involves the production of antibodies by the body itself and the subsequent development of memory cells. Passive immunity results from the acquisition of antibodies from another source and hence memory cells are not developed.

How many immune defenses are there? ›

The human body has three primary lines of defense to fight against foreign invaders, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The immune system's three lines of defense include physical and chemical barriers, non-specific innate responses, and specific adaptive responses.

What are the 6 types of vulnerability? ›

In a list that is intended to be exhaustively applicable to research subjects, six discrete types of vulnerability will be distinguished—cognitive, juridic, deferential, medical, allocational, and infrastructural.

What are the two types of exploits? ›

Types of Exploits

There are two principal classes of exploits found in the present digital local area. They are known as known weaknesses and zero-day weaknesses.

What are the three components of vulnerability? ›

Three components of vulnerability—exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity—were defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as necessary for identifying climate adaptation strategies and actions.

What is the most useless spell in DnD? ›

20 of the Most Useless Dungeons & Dragons Spells Ever
  • 1) Banish Dazzle. “Once this spell was cast the target could see clearly through blinding sunlight and heat shimmer. ...
  • 3) Bowgentle's Fleeting Journey. ...
  • 4) Chastise. ...
  • 5) Converse with Sea Creatures. ...
  • 6) Corpselight. ...
  • 7) Decastave. ...
  • 8) Depth Warning. ...
  • 9) Detect Undead.
Aug 17, 2015

What is the most overpowered character in 5e? ›

2 Barbarian Moon Druid

Out of everything that D&D 5e allows you to do, this is by far the most overpowered build in the entire game. Some Game Masters restrict Wild Shape or flat out ban this multiclass because it is so powerful.

Who is the oldest God in DnD? ›


How many vulnerabilities are reported each day? ›

With an average of 55 new software vulnerabilities published every day in 2021, IT teams “cannot fix all of the vulnerabilities across their infrastructures,” according to Cisco this month.

How does immunity work in D&D 5e? ›

Immunity means that you take NO damage from the attack. Immune to Slashing, bludgeoning and piercing from non-magical weapons - mundane weapons do NO damage, magical weapons are unaffected. In addition, Resistance does NOT stack.

What are the main vulnerabilities? ›

OWASP Top 10 Vulnerabilities
  • Injection. Injection occurs when an attacker exploits insecure code to insert (or inject) their own code into a program. ...
  • Broken Authentication. ...
  • Sensitive Data Exposure. ...
  • XML External Entities. ...
  • Broken Access Control. ...
  • Security Misconfiguration. ...
  • Cross-Site Scripting. ...
  • Insecure Deserialization.

Does resistance and vulnerability stack? ›

Resistance does not stack in 5e: Multiple instances of resistance or vulnerability that affect the same damage type count as only one instance.

Does vulnerability cancel resistance? ›

Resistance & Vulnerability: Here's the order that you apply modifiers to damage: (1) any relevant damage immunity, (2) any addition or subtraction to the damage, (3) one relevant damage resistance, and (4) one relevant damage vulnerability. They're basically going to cancel each other.

How do you use resistance in 5e? ›

You touch one willing creature. Once before the spell ends, the target can roll a d4 and add the number rolled to one saving throw of its choice. It can roll the die before or after making the saving throw.

How much damage does resistance reduce? ›

Effect. Resistance reduces incoming damage by 20% × level from all sources except for starvation, the void, /kill , and explosions with extreme power values (negative values (128 to 255 (mod 256) or -128 to -1 (mod 256)) stored in an NBT, see entity format) such as creepers and ghast fireballs.

What are the three dimensions of vulnerability? ›

There are three dimensions of vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity.

Is vulnerability a strength or weakness? ›

The truth about vulnerability is that is not a weakness; it is a strength. Here are just a few of many benefits of embracing vulnerability: Vulnerability allows us to be our authentic selves, instead of trying to please others. With vulnerability, we build empathy.

How do you bypass resistance in 5e? ›

Just steal from inn some barrels with oil, or other easy flamable things from alchemist's shop and use telekinesis spells to cover the immune enemy and fire the oil. That way you'll brute force your way through resistance.

What does vulnerability mean in 5e? ›

If a creature or an object has vulnerability to a damage type, damage of that type is doubled against it.

What is the rule for resistance? ›

The electrical resistance of a circuit component or device is defined as the ratio of the voltage applied to the electric current which flows through it: If the resistance is constant over a considerable range of voltage, then Ohm's law, I = V/R, can be used to predict the behavior of the material.

What happens if resistance is too high? ›

The higher the resistance, the lower the current flow. If abnormally high, one possible cause (among many) could be damaged conductors due to burning or corrosion. All conductors give off some degree of heat, so overheating is an issue often associated with resistance.

What happens if resistance is too low? ›

If resistance is too low, current will be high at any voltage. If resistance is too high, current will be low if voltage is okay. NOTE: When the voltage stays the same, such as in an Automotive Circuit... current goes up as resistance goes down, and current goes down as resistance goes up.

What affects resistance the most? ›

Length of wire: Thick wires have less resistance than thin wires. Longer wires have more resistance than short wires. Area of the cross-section of the wire: Smaller diameter wires have greater resistance. Nature of the material: The copper wire has less resistance to thin steel wire of the same size.


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