How many species of penguins are there? (2023)

How many species of penguins are there? (1)

Penguins are flightless waterfowl belonging to the orderesfenisciformesand the familySpheniscidae🇧🇷 These birds live almost exclusively south of Ecuador, with the exception of the Galapagos penguin, which lives on the Galapagos Islands of Ecuador. Penguins generally feed on crustaceans, cephalopods, and fish found in the sea. These birds spend almost half of their lives in the water and the other half on land. Here we present the species of penguins living in the world today.

19. Penguin Noodles

How many species of penguins are there? (2)

macaroni penguin,Eudyptes chrysolophus, is a species of penguin whose range extends from the Antarctic Peninsula to the sub-Antarctic. One of 6 species of crested penguins, the macaroni penguin has a yellow crest, black face, and white upper and underparts. Penguins feed on crustaceans, mainly krill, cephalopods, and small fish. The macaroni penguin has one of the largest populations of any penguin species. However, the species is still classified as endangered due to continued population decline.

18. Royal penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (3)

the royal penguin,Eudyptes schlegeli,is a species of penguin that lives on the sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island and other nearby islands. One of the crested penguin species, king penguins closely resemble the macaroni penguins mentioned above, and therefore there is controversy regarding their classification as a separate species. One of the physical differences between the two species is that the king penguin has a white face. and chin, unlike Black in the case of the macaroni penguin. However, the two species have been known to interbreed. King penguins can be seen in the waters around Antarctica and spend more time in the sea than on land.

17. Northern rockhopper penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (4)

Also known as the Moseley penguin, 99% of the population of the northern rockhopper penguin (Eudyptes moseleyi) breeds exclusively on Gough Island and Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic. These penguins feed mainly on krill and other crustaceans, squid, octopus, and fish. Since the 1950s, the population of this penguin has declined by 90%. Therefore, it is classified as an endangered species.

(Video) Types of Penguins Species in the world

16. Eastern rockhopper penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (5)

The eastern rockhopper penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome filholi) inhabits sub-Antarctic islands in the Indo-Pacific such as Campbell, Auckland, Antipodes, Heard, Crozet, Prince Edward, Kerguelen and other islands.

15. Upright crested penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (6)

The standing crested penguin (Eudyptes slateri) is a species of penguin that lives only in New Zealand. Here it breeds in the Antipodes and the Bounty Islands. Mainly due to its restricted area of ​​distribution, this species is classified as critically endangered.

14. Catch penguins

How many species of penguins are there? (7)

Der Snares-Penguin (Eudyptes robustus) breeds on a group of islands called The Snares off the southern coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The penguin is of medium size, from 50 to 70 cm. The penguin has a dark blue dorsal surface and a white abdominal surface. Krill, small fish and cephalopods serve as food for these birds. The snake penguin is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.

13. Fiordland-Penguin

The Fiordland crested penguin (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus) breeds on Stewart Island/Rakiura and on the southwest coasts of the South Island of New Zealand. Here the penguins nest in colonies in dense temperate forests. Penguins feed mainly on cephalopods and, to some extent, on crustaceans and fish. Due to its small population, the Fiordland penguin is a threatened species with populations ranging from 2,500 to 3,000 pairs.

12. Yellow-eyed penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (8)

The yellow-eyed penguin (antipode megadiptene) is a species of penguin closely related to the little penguin. These penguins breed along the coast of the South Island of New Zealand, as well as on other nearby islands. Penguins are medium in size, measuring between 62 and 79 cm long. Penguins have a bright yellow stripe running from their eyes on the back of their heads. Individuals live up to 20 years. The yellow-eyed penguin has a population of only about 4,000 individuals, making it an endangered species. Introduced predators and habitat destruction are the biggest threats to these penguins.

(Video) 17 Penguin Species in One Video

11. African penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (9)

The African penguin (drowned spheniscus) is restricted to African waters. Penguins have a black facial mask and prominent pink patches of skin over their eyes. The penguins live in colonies on 24 islands between Algoa Bay and Namibia, where they feed on pelagic fish and marine invertebrates in coastal waters. The African penguin is one of the most threatened species of penguins alive today and has been listed as Endangered by the IUCN. Only 10% of the estimated population of 1.5 million in 1910 survives today. The historical exploitation of penguins for meat, the extraction of guano (which the penguins used to burrow) to make fertilizer, oil spills and competition for fishing are some of the main threats facing the penguin population.

10. Galapagos-Pinguin

How many species of penguins are there? (10)

Der Galapagos-Penguin (spheniscus the beggar) is endemic to the Galapagos Islands and the only penguin that lives north of the equator. The penguin is 49 cm long and weighs about 2.5 kg. These penguins are found mainly on the Galapagos Islands of Fernandina and Iasabela, but there are also small scattered populations on other islands. Penguins feed on small schools of fish and occasionally crustaceans. The Galapagos penguin is classified as endangered after its population declined by 70% in the 1980s.

9. Humboldt penguin

Humboldt's penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) is a species of penguin that lives in South America. The coasts of Chile and Peru serve as nurseries for these penguins. The Humboldt penguin gets its name from the cold-water stream of the same name that it swims through. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN. Penguins range in size from 56 to 70 cm. They have a black head where a white rim runs from the top of both eyes around the ears and chin down to the throat. Climate change, overfishing, and ocean acidification are the biggest threats to the survival of this penguin species.

8. Magellanic Penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (11)

There Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) breeds in the coastal areas of Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. Some of these penguins even migrate to Brazil and are occasionally seen in the coastal waters of Rio de Janeiro. Penguins are 24 to 30 inches long. Penguins are distinguished by two black bands on the chest. Magellanic penguins feed on squid, krill, octopus, and other aquatic crustaceans. The species is classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN. Climate change has caused an increase in the frequency of extreme events such as forest fires, storms, extreme temperatures, etc., which has caused an increase in reproductive failures in these penguins.

(Video) All Penguin Species - Species List

7. White-tipped penguin

The white-tipped penguin (Eudyptula minor albosignata) is a small penguin that is about 30 cm tall. Its name comes from the white markings on its fins. Penguins nest on Motunau Island and the Banks Peninsula, near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. Penguins feed on small schools of fish and cephalopods. The white-tipped penguin is an endangered species under the United States Endangered Species Act.

6. Little Blue Penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (12)

The little penguin (Kleine Eudíptula) is the smallest penguin species, averaging 33 cm in height alone. These penguins can be seen off the coasts of New Zealand and South Australia. Because of their blue plumage and small size, they are affectionately called fairy penguins. Penguins feed on small clupeoid fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Although they are classified as Least Concern, little penguins are subject to human disturbance in their habitat. Some of these penguins drown from the effects of accidental fishing. Oil spills and plastic pollution are also deadly for penguins.

5. donkey penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (13)

gentoo penguin (Papua-Pygoscelis) is a species of penguin closely related to the Adélie penguin. The most distinctive phenotype of these penguins is the wide white band that extends like a cap on the head. They also have a bright orange bill and a very long tail. Gentoo reach a height of 51 to 90 cm, making them the third largest penguin species. Gentoo penguins breed on many sub-Antarctic islands, with the main colonies located on South Georgia, the Kerguelen Islands, and the Falkland Islands. These birds feed on krill and other crustaceans, as well as fish. Sea lions, killer whales, and leopard seals often prey on donkey whales, while many seabirds steal their eggs. Due to the large and relatively stable population, the IUCN Red List lists gentoo penguins as a species of least concern.

4. Chinstrap penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (14)

The chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarctis) lives on the islands and coasts of the Southern Ocean and South Pacific. The penguin gets its name from the narrow black stripe below its head that makes it look like it's wearing a helmet. These penguins have an average length of 72 cm and weigh between 3 and 5 kg. The species has a circumpolar distribution. Krill, squid, fish and shrimp make up the diet of these penguins.

(Video) Go Inside an Antarctic 'City' of 400,000 King Penguins — Ep. 4 | Wildlife: Resurrection Island

3. Adélie Penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (15)

Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis Adelia) is a species of penguin that lives along the coast of Antarctica and is one of the southernmost distributed seabirds. These penguins are medium in size, ranging from 46 to 71 cm. Adélie penguins are distinguished by the white ring around the eye and the feathers at the base of the beak. Adélie penguins feed mainly on a variety of krill and also on glacier squid. Although the population of these penguins is still fairly stable, climate change threatens the future survival of this species.

2. Königspinguin

How many species of penguins are there? (16)

The King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) is the second largest penguin after the emperor penguin. Two subspecies of king penguins have been identified, the A. p. patagonicus and A. p. Hello! The first is found in the South Atlantic and the second in other parts of the range of penguins. King penguins feed on small fish, squid, and lanternfish. Penguins breed on subantarctic islands scattered north of Antarctica.

1. Kaiser Penguin

How many species of penguins are there? (17)

The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) endemic to Antarctica, is the largest and heaviest of all penguin species. Penguins are about 122 cm tall and weigh between 22 and 45 kg. The head and dorsal surface of this species are black, while the belly is white and the breast is pale yellow. The ear flaps are light yellow. Fish is the main diet of these large penguins, which also feed on crustaceans and cephalopods. Emperor penguins can stay underwater for up to 18 minutes.

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How many species of penguins are there? ›

Facts. Penguins are a family of 17 to 19 species of birds that live primarily in the Southern Hemisphere.

What are the 17 penguin species? ›

These include: the Snares penguin, Galápagos penguin, African penguin, Adélie penguin, Humboldt penguin, rockhopper penguin, emperor penguin, royal penguin, macaroni penguin, gentoo penguin, Fiordland penguin, chinstrap penguin, king penguin, little blue/fairy penguin, yellow eyed penguin, Magellanic penguin and the ...

What are the 18 species of penguins? ›

The eighteen species are Emperor, King, Royal, Adelie, Macaroni, Gentoo, Galapagos, Magellanic, Humboldt, African, Snares, Fiordland, Little Blue, Yellow Eye, Erect Crested, Northern Rockhopper, Southern Rockhopper, and Chinstrap.

Is there more than 10 species of penguins? ›

There are 17 species of penguin on the planet, but the eight you'll most likely recognize live in Antarctica, its nearby islands, and the sub-Antarctic archipelagos of South Georgia and the Falklands.

Where do all 17 species of penguins live? ›

Penguins are only found in the Southern Hemisphere. The greatest concentrations are on Antarctic coasts and sub-Antarctic islands. There are 18 species of penguins, 5 of which live in Antarctica. Another 4 species live on sub-Antarctic islands.

Do Mega penguins exist? ›

It wasn't the oldest or even—if you can believe it—the largest penguin in Earth's history, but the newly discovered mega-penguin, Kumimanu biceae, is a giant compared to modern birds.

Are Black penguins real? ›

All-black penguins are so rare there is practically no research on the subject–biologists guess that perhaps one in every quarter million of penguins shows evidence of at least partial melanism, whereas the penguin we saw appears to be almost entirely (if not entirely) melanistic.

What penguin only lays one egg? ›

Emperor and king penguins lay one egg while all other penguins lay two eggs.

Do penguins poop or pee? ›

Penguin poop is called guano. Just like flighted birds you may see that it is sometimes white and sometimes has brown, green, or black in it. The white part is the urine, and the other colors are the poop.

How many of the 18 species of penguin are considered endangered threatened? ›

As a group, penguins are one of the two most threatened seabird species in the world. According to Birdlife International, 10 of the world's 18 penguin species are considered endangered. Of the 8 Antarctic penguin species two are vulnerable, two are near-threatened and the others have healthy populations.

What are 5 facts about penguins? ›

5 fun facts about Penguins
  • Gentoo Penguins are the fastest of all penguin species! These penguins can swim at speeds of up to 36km/h! ...
  • The oldest penguin fossils are 62 million years old. ...
  • Penguins poop every 20 minutes. ...
  • A penguins black and white colouring is called counter-shading. ...
  • Penguins are expert divers!

What is the rarest penguin? ›

The Galapagos penguin, one of the world's rarest, sees a glimmer of hope. The Galápagos penguin (pictured on Sombrero Chino Island) is the only penguin that lives at the Equator.

Do penguins have DNA? ›

Usually, ancient DNA is badly degraded, but because Antarctica is so cold, specimens were well preserved. The team was able to extract DNA from several penguin generations, including 12 modern penguins and eight ancient penguins that ranged from 250 to 44,000 years old.

What are 10 interesting facts about penguins? ›

10 Facts About Penguins
  • Penguins don't have teeth. ...
  • Penguins are only found in the Southern Hemisphere. ...
  • There are 18 species of penguin. ...
  • Penguins originated in Australia. ...
  • The smallest penguin is only a foot tall. ...
  • Penguins are monogamous... ...
  • The largest living penguin is the emperor penguin.
Apr 25, 2022

How many penguins are in Antarctica 2022? ›

The total number of breeding pairs of penguins in the Antarctic region is estimated to be about 20 million.

Can penguins have 2 eggs? ›

A nest of eggs is called a clutch, and with the exception of emperor and king penguins, clutches usually contain two eggs. (Emperor and king penguins lay a single egg.) A clutch with more than one egg presents a better chance of at least one chick surviving.

How many penguins are there in the world 2022? ›

How Many Penguins Are There? There are 30-31 million penguins left which are split across 18 different species. The most common species is the Adelie penguin which has a population of 10 million whilst the smallest population species is the Galapagos penguin which has a population of just 1,200.

Why penguins 🐧 only live on Antarctica? ›

This works because they are threatened by very few (if any) land predators. While penguins are vulnerable to skuas and giant petrels flying overhead, in the north they would have fallen prey to foxes, wolves, polar bears – maybe even humans!

What type of penguin is Happy Feet? ›

"Happy Feet" features three penguin species -- not only emperors ("Mumble") but Adelies ("Ramon") and rockhoppers ("Lovelace"), says Reichert -- and ends with what appears to be a United Nations ban on fishing in Antarctica and plenty of food for all penguins.

Did penguins exist in the Ice Age? ›

The Ross Sea in Antarctica is likely to have been a shelter for emperor penguins for thousands of years during the last ice age, when much of the rest of Antarctica was uninhabitable due to the amount of ice.

Are fairy penguins real? ›

Fairy penguins (Eudyptula minor), also known as little penguins, are tiny, slate-blue animals found along the coastlines of southern Australia and New Zealand.

Did penguins exist with dinosaurs? ›

The world's oldest known penguins existed only a few million years after the mass-extinction event that wiped out the dinosaurs – except for birds, the only dinosaurs that didn't go extinct. Some of these earliest penguins had longer legs than their living relatives.

Do albino penguins exist? ›

Spotted by tourists, the rare bird has a mutation that dilutes feather pigments. Birds of a feather usually flock together—but not in the case of a rare "white" mutant penguin, spotted Monday in a chinstrap penguin colony in Antarctica. (Watch video of the pale penguin.)

Are penguins color blind? ›

When Martin tested penguins' color vision, he discovered that they do not see red. They do see violet, blue and green. Even though they spend much of their life on land, their eyes are adapted to the underwater world, where they hunt.

Why is it called a jackass penguin? ›

Share. The jackass penguin is also known as the African penguin, and each of these common names describes something about the species. It makes a sound similar to a donkey's call, and it is restricted to the waters and rocky shores of southern Africa. In fact, it is in the only species of penguin that nests in Africa.

Are blue penguins rare? ›

Conservation status

Since 1988 the blue penguin has been listed as a species of least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List of Threatened Species. Ecologists base this classification on the species's high numbers and extremely large geographic range.

How long are penguins pregnant? ›

The female lays one egg in May or June, transfers the egg to the male, and returns to sea to feed while the male incubates the egg in his brood pouch for about 65 days.

Can two female penguins have a baby? ›

At an aquarium in Spain, two female gentoo penguins became first-time moms in 2020 and spent time raising a baby chick they had adopted as an egg.

What are girl penguins called? ›

Adult male penguins are called cocks, females are hens; a group of penguins on land is a waddle, and a group of penguins in the water is a raft.

Can penguins fart? ›

Penguins, on the other hand, don't fart. They don't eat high-fibre diets like humans do, and thus have totally different bacteria in their guts - ones that do not produce gas.

Do penguins cry tears? ›

As far as we know, penguins don't cry, at least not like people do.

Is penguin poop pink? ›

Penguins eat krill and fish, which makes their poop varying shades from pink to white. The more krill, the pinker it will be. More fish makes the guano whiter.

What is the 1 most endangered animal? ›

1. Javan Rhinos. Once found throughout south-east Asia, Javan rhinos have suffered a staggering decline in their numbers due to hunting and habitat loss. The lone wild population of Javan rhinos is one of the rarest of the rhino species—around 75 individuals—which can only be found on the island of Java, Indonesia.

How many species of penguins are at risk? ›

Here at BirdLife, we can't imagine a world without penguins. But despite their charm and worldwide popularity, they are marching toward extinction. Penguins are sadly one of the most threatened groups of seabirds, with half of the 18 species listed by Birdlife as either Vulnerable or Endangered.

Is the penguin population increasing or decreasing? ›

Long-term monitoring has revealed a 43% drop over a decade in the number of birds that breed across 52 islands near the Mawson research station. The scientists say the decline is a stark contrast to other Adélie penguin populations in east Antarctica where numbers have been stable or increasing.

How many hearts does a penguin have? ›

A penguin has a heart (muscle), just as humans and mammals, which pumps the blood through the entire body and delivers the necessary oxygen. This heart has 4 chambers, making sure that oxygen-rich blood is separated from the oxygen-poor blood.

How far do penguins poop? ›

When approaching a brooding penguin in its nest, it's best to beware of flying feces. Penguin poo can travel as far as 1.34 meters (about 4.4 feet), a new study finds.

Do penguins have love? ›

As any penguin lover will know, they are some of the most loyal creatures on the planet. Most breeds of penguin choose a mate and stay with them for the rest of their lives.

Is there a rainbow penguin? ›

Rainbow is a Humboldt penguin - found in Coastal Peru and Chile and named after the explorer Alexander von Humboldt. These penguins need to lose heat, rather than conserve it, and bare patches beside their bills and large wings help do this.

What is the ultra rarest animal? ›

The rarest animal in the world is the vaquita (Phocoena sinus). It is a kind of critically endangered porpoise that only lives in the furthest north-western corner of the Gulf of California in Mexico. There are only 18 left in the world.

Is a yellow penguin real? ›

The rare, yellow-colored penguin was one among a colony of 120,000 king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) living on the remote South Georgia Island, reports Yasemin Saplakoglu for Live Science.

Do Dad penguins give birth? ›

If you needed a reminder that love is alive and penguins are incredible, Sphen and Magic, a pair of male gentoo penguins at Sea Life Sydney Aquarium in Australia, are now the proud fathers of a three-ounce chick.

Can two male penguins have a baby? ›

2 male penguins welcome hatchling as New York zoo's 1st same-sex foster parents The Rosamond Gifford Zoo says Elmer and Lima are its first same-sex parents to successfully hatch an egg, calling the penguins "exemplary in every aspect of egg care."

Do penguins mate forever? ›

But these males mate for life, reuniting with the same female year after year during mating season. Despite their monogamous mating patterns, however, the birds really don't spend much time together, according to a new study.

Do penguins sleep? ›

For penguins, the best time for a snooze is the afternoon. The birds sleep more deeply after lunch than during the morning rush hour, a French ecologist has found1.

Can penguins bark? ›

African penguins communicate by means of vocalisation and displays. Vocalisation includes loud, donkey-like braying noises as well as barking and growling.

Do penguins have feelings? ›

African penguins communicate feelings such as hunger, anger and loneliness through six distinctive vocal calls, according to scientists who have observed the birds' behaviour in captivity.

Can penguins and polar bears coexist? ›

In fact, penguins and polar bears don't mix. Even though they can live in similar types of habitats, you will never actually find penguins and polar bears living together in the wild. That's because polar bears are found in the Arctic Circle region of the Northern Hemisphere.

What type of penguin is happy feet? ›

"Happy Feet" features three penguin species -- not only emperors ("Mumble") but Adelies ("Ramon") and rockhoppers ("Lovelace"), says Reichert -- and ends with what appears to be a United Nations ban on fishing in Antarctica and plenty of food for all penguins.

Do penguins have sexes? ›

Summary: It is difficult to distinguish males from females among King Penguins, but a new study reveals that King Penguins can be sexed with an accuracy of 100% based on the sex-specific syllable pattern of their vocalizations. Using the beak length, King Penguin individuals can be sexed with an accuracy of 79%.

Are black penguins real? ›

All-black penguins are so rare there is practically no research on the subject–biologists guess that perhaps one in every quarter million of penguins shows evidence of at least partial melanism, whereas the penguin we saw appears to be almost entirely (if not entirely) melanistic.

Do penguins love each other forever? ›

Most breeds of penguin choose a mate and stay with them for the rest of their lives.

How cold is too cold for penguins? ›

We all know that penguins endure and survive freezing temperatures in the Antarctic, these can range as low as -70˚C in the centre to -20 ˚C around the coast. Their bodies stay warm due to their insulating layers of blubber which lies just beneath the skin.

Do penguins love in Alaska? ›

Longtime Alaskans are well familiar with having to explain that there are no penguins in Alaska. Penguins live at the South Pole, not the North Pole. Though penguins are not native to Alaska, a few wayward travelers have made their way north.


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